|European settlers wearing batik trousers.|
|Because of Indonesia's location on the trade
route between North and South as well as from West to East, the North coast of Java
was often visited by foreign vessels.
It results in a lively exchange of a variety of goods including ceramics and silks from China and the cinde or silk with the patola motif from the west of India.
The foreign art and culture were absorbed and fused with the existing javanese one, resulting in new works of art with their unique beauty.
Merchants from all over the world came to the Indonesian archipelago: Chinese, Indians, Portuguese, Arabs, Dutch, and British.
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